Konstruktio 2000 Himmeli


A stainless steel sculpture in Helsinki, Finland
by Markku Viitasalo.

About the sculpture

Konstruktio 2000 Himmeli won the sculpture competition for the Pasila government office block in 1978 and was finished in 1982. The total height is 10 meters and the height of the pyramid is 4 meters. The pyramid weighs 600 kilograms (1323 lbs).

The sculpture has a physics defying structure and is truly unique in the whole world.

The sculpture was designed by architect Markku Viitasalo with support from his wife sculptor and goldsmith Pirkko Viitasalo. His friend artist Matti Koskela provided support in terms of artistic consultation. The final structural calculations were conducted by architect and engineer Jussi Tervaoja.

Multiple views

Markku Viitasalo's design legacy including this monument is being maintained by his son Juho Viitasalo.


Construction 2000 is almost ten meters high (9690 mm). The pyramid structure consists of 588 rods and 140 balls in joints. The supporting pole is made of three thinner poles which are connected together. It seems as though the pyramid should fall down due to lack of wires above it. The locations and the angles of the wires used are critical for making the 600 kg pyramid to stay elevated.

Rendering side view

More material and drawings will be posted on this site soon.

We are planning to post all drawings and here so that this impressive monument can perhaps find a new life of its own on the internet among people who are interested in architecture, design, physics or construction.

To be posted:
- More photos
- Original drawings
- PDF fact sheet
- PDF for teachers
- Accurate 3D data (IGES and Rhinoceros)
- Location pinning: Swarm, Foursquare, Instagram


We invite people all over the world to celebrate this design by sharing this site online and reproducing this design in different sizes using 3D printers etc.

PechaKucha presentation

Contact us: construction2000 [a] viitasalo.com


Konstruktio 2000 Himmeli is located in the courtyard of
Pasila Government Office Block, Itä-Pasila, Helsinki, Finland.
Address: Opastinsilta 12 B
Coordinates: 60.199225, 24.935529